What is a Cybersecurity Risk Assessment?
A cybersecurity risk assessment is a process for identifying, analyzing, and evaluating the specific risks related to an organization's assets. It helps in understanding the potential impact of cyber threats and the effectiveness of a company’s existing security measures.
Steps Involved in a Cybersecurity Risk Assessment
The process involves several key steps:
- Determining the Scope: Deciding what aspects of the organization to assess, such as a specific business unit or technology system.
- Identifying Assets: Cataloging all physical and logical assets within the assessment scope.
- Identifying Threats: Using resources like threat libraries and security advisories to understand potential threats.
- Analyzing Risks: Determining the likelihood of risks and their impacts, considering the probability that threats will exploit vulnerabilities.
- Prioritizing Risks: Classifying risks using a matrix based on their likelihood and impact.
- Documenting Risks: Keeping a record of identified risks, their evaluation, and planned treatments in a risk register
Cybersecurity Risk Assessment Frameworks
Organizations can choose from several cybersecurity frameworks like ISO/IEC 27032 for general guidelines, NIST for risk management, CIS Controls for defense, and others like COBIT, FAIR, PCI DSS, and GDPR based on their specific needs and goals. Each offers unique benefits for various aspects of cybersecurity.